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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Author Guidelines
Manuscript Submission
Manuscripts can be submitted by online system or may sent as an email attachment to: editor@bes.cims.edu.pk. Upon receipt the manuscripts are allocated an identification number and reviewed initially by the Editorial Board, and if found suitable is sent out for peer review. Review of a paper on an average takes 3-4 weeks and decision whatsoever, is conveyed to the corresponding author. After acceptance, a paper is published on its turn. Every submission must be done from the corresponding author’s account.

Manuscript Requirements
The manuscripts not on the format are returned to authors for redress.

The similarity index (plagiarism report) should not exceed 19%, which may be checked online by Turnitin, Ithenticate, or similar software’s.
Short communications and original articles must include Title, Short title (Running Head), Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements, References, Tables and Figures.
Original articles should not exceed 6,000 words.
Short communications should not exceed 1,500 words.
The manuscript has to be submitted as Microsoft Word Format.
The lines of the manuscript must be numbered consecutively throughout the entire manuscript.
Scientific names of genus, species, and subspecies should be formatted in italics.
The full name of species and subspecies must be used when first mentioned in a paper, and its abbreviation used thereafter.
Abbreviations must be explained in the text.
Authors are requested to use the International System of Units (SI, Système International d’Unités).
Manuscript title
Please limit the title to 16 words.

Manuscript short title
Please provide a short title (running head), a maximum of 8 words.

Abstract
The Abstract should refer to the main hypotheses and results and emphasize the key findings of the research, indicating the generality and applicability of the results. The Abstract should not exceed 300 words.

Keywords
Provide a maximum of 7 key words to the abstract. Avoid overlap with the title.

References
References in Articles

We recommend the use of a tool such as EndNote or Reference Manager for reference management and formatting. EndNote reference styles can be searched for here: http://www.endnote.com/support/enstyles.asp

Each reference should conform to the examples given below, with author names separated only by a comma as shown. Full stops should not be used in the forename initials. The name of a journal should be given in the abbreviated form, strictly following the codes given in http://library.caltech.edu/reference/abbreviations/ The References should be listed in alphabetical order according to the surname of the first author and should give the full title of the paper. Anonymous contributions should be cited at the beginning of the bibliography.

In the running text, citations should be made as in the following examples: Beroks and Bode (1999), or (Richter 1991, 1993; Shahwani et al., 2013). Up to two authors give the names; for more than two authors, give the name of the first author followed by “et al.”

From journals
Arslan, M., Kaminski, M.A., Khalil, A.B., 2016. Living Behaviors of Benthic Foraminifera from Eastern Bahrain and the Saudi Coastline. Bullet. Env. Stud. 1(1), 1-9.

From books or other non-serial publications
Chapman, R.F., 1998. The insects – Structure and function. 4th edition. CambridgeUniversity Press, Cambridge.

From reference book contributions
Goldstein, S. 1999. Foraminifera: A biological overview, In: Sen Gupta, B.K. (Ed.) Modern Foraminifera. Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 37-55

From unpublished work
Unpublished work should only be cited when it has been accepted for publication, and then together with the name of the journal in which it has been accepted. Arslan, M., Kaminski M.A., 2017. Molecular Taxonomy of Benthic Foraminfera in Arabian Gulf. Bullet. Env. Sc. (in press).

From websites
Beckleheimer, J., 1994. How do you cite URLs in a bibliography? [WWW document]. URL http://www.nrlssc.navy.mil/meta/bibliography.html.

Online citation
Use the DOI (Digital Object Identifier) number. Bullet. Env. Stud. DOI: XXXX/XXXX

Tables
Tables must be uploaded separately. Tables must be self-explanatory and accompanied by legends. Please number tables consecutively in the order in which they occur in the text. Tables should be created using the table function in MS Word. Please mark the position of the tables in the text.

Figures
Figures must be uploaded separately. Figure legends should be included with the main text of the manuscript, after the references. Please number figures consecutively in the order in which they occur in the text. All figures must be provided in Microsoft Word, Rich Text Format or JPEG. Please mark the position of the figures in the text. Line drawings should only be contour drawings without halftones (photo, shades of grey). Please do not use patterns; rough hatching is possible. Graphs with an x and y axis should not be enclosed in frames.

Supporting Information
Supporting information can include additional figures, tables, appendices or other data sets (including raw data, if appropriate). Authors wishing to submit larger files are advised to contact the journal’s editor. This information will not be published in the printed edition of the journal, but will be view able in the online edition. Supporting information should be to the point and designed with the aim to allow a complete and full understanding of the manuscript. Authors are encouraged to shift material of secondary importance to the online Supporting Information. If you have previously provided Supporting Information with your article, please note it will not be edited or altered from its original format during the Production process. Although a proof of your Supporting Information is not available, it will appear online when your article is published.

Copyright Transfer
After acceptance of a paper, the corresponding author will be notified by email. The copyrights of all the accepted articles will automatically transfer to MNPublishers®.

Proof correction and off prints
The corresponding author will receive Galley Proof via e-mail in MS Word file which should be reviewed and returned within 7 days.